"Nfukula chest drums are played by minstrels called sikaomba, who travel from place to place singing the praises of chiefs or other important people...
Chest-drum players accompanied men to battle, giving them courage by singing their praises."
Excerpt from: Maurer, Evan M., Roberts, Allen F. : (1985) Tabwa - The Rising of a New Moon : A Century of Tabwa Art. University of Michigan Museum of Art.
The nfukula chest drums have heads made from Nile monitor skins fastened with acacia thorns.
This drum is always decorated with carved geometrical lines.
Maurer, Evan M.; Roberts, Allen F. : (1985) Tabwa - The Rising of a New Moon : A Century of Tabwa Art. University of Michigan Museum of Art.
Boone, Olga (1951) : Les tambours du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi. 2Vol. Tervuren: Annales du Musée du Congo Belge; Ethnographie 1
Laurenty, Jean-Sébastien. (1996). L’Organologie du Zaïre. Tome III. Les membranophones. Tervuren : Musée royal de l’Afrique centrale.
Esther A. Dagan (ed.) (1993) – Drums : The heartbeat of Africa. Galerie Amrad African Art Publications.
Thomson Josef (1891) To the Central African Lakes and back. London.