The rnga-chen (ritual drum) is used for both monastic rites of peaceful and wrathful deities along with other ritual instruments.
The drums in Buddhist culture symbolize the sound of dharma or Buddha’s teachings. Thus, they are viewed as a sacred object and deeply valued and respected.
The double-headed rnga drum is played with a crooked beater and supported by a wooden handle.
The handle is carved with lotus and lozenge motifs.
Lhalungpa, Lobsang P. Tibetan Music: Secular and Sacred. In: Asian Music, Vol. 1
Sadie, S. (Ed.), The New Grove Dictionary of Musical Instruments. 3 Volumes, London, 1984.
Scheidegger, D.A., Tibetan Ritual Music. Rikon, 1988
Vandor, I., Die Musik des Tibetischen Buddhismus. Wilhelmshaven, 1978