Wakde Island / Humboldt Bay drum West Papua / New Guinea / Trommel Neuguinea
Drums provide rhythmic accompaniment for the dances and songs performed during initiation and are said to represent the voices of the spirit world. Carved ornamentation around the central part of the drum consists of stylized human figures, whose interlocking arms and legs form two continuous zigzag bands.
Collaer, P.(1965) : Musikgeschichte in Bildern - Ozeanien. Leipzig.
Greub, S. (ed.) (1992) : Art of Northwest New Guinea From Geelvink Bay, Humboldt Bay, and Lake Sentani. New York. Rizzoli.
Webb, Virginia-Lee. (2011) : Ancestors of the Lake - Art of Lake Sentani and Humboldt Bay, New Guinea. The Menil Collection. Houston. Menil Foundation.